How to Create a WordPress Child Theme in 5 Easy Steps

Wordpress Child ThemeSource:


WordPress is one of the most popular content management systems in the world, powering over 30% of all websites on the internet. One of the great things about WordPress is its flexibility and customizability. You can create a unique website with a custom design and functionality by using WordPress themes and plugins. However, modifying a WordPress theme directly can be risky, as any changes you make will be lost when the theme is updated. That’s where child themes come in.

What is a Child Theme?

Wordpress Child Theme DiagramSource:

A child theme is a theme that inherits the functionality and styling of another theme, called the parent theme. By creating a child theme, you can make modifications to the parent theme without risking losing any changes when the parent theme is updated. The child theme will only contain the changes you want to make, and it will still use the parent theme’s core functionality and styling.

Step 1: Create a New Folder

Create New FolderSource:

The first step in creating a child theme is to create a new folder in your WordPress themes directory. You can access your themes directory by going to Appearance > Themes in your WordPress dashboard. Create a new folder with a descriptive name for your child theme. For example, if you’re creating a child theme for the Twenty Twenty-One theme, you could name the folder “twenty-twenty-one-child”.

Step 2: Create a Style.css File

Create Css FileSource:

Inside your child theme folder, create a new file called “style.css”. This file will be used to define the styles for your child theme. In the top of the file, add the following code:

/*Theme Name: Twenty Twenty-One ChildTemplate: twentytwentyone*/

Replace “Twenty Twenty-One Child” with the name of your child theme, and “twentytwentyone” with the name of the parent theme. This tells WordPress that your theme is a child of the parent theme.

Step 3: Enqueue the Parent Theme Stylesheet

Enqueue StylesheetSource:

To inherit the parent theme’s styles, you need to enqueue the parent theme’s stylesheet in your child theme’s “functions.php” file. Create a new file called “functions.php” in your child theme folder, and add the following code:

function enqueue_parent_theme_style() {wp_enqueue_style( 'parent-style', get_template_directory_uri() . '/style.css' );}add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'enqueue_parent_theme_style' );

This code tells WordPress to enqueue the parent theme’s “style.css” file.

Step 4: Make Your Changes

Make ChangesSource:

Now you can make the changes you want to the parent theme in your child theme’s files. For example, you could create a new file called “header.php” and modify the header code to add a custom logo. Any changes you make will only affect the child theme, and the parent theme will remain unchanged.

Step 5: Activate Your Child Theme

Activate ThemeSource:

Once you’ve made your changes, you can activate your child theme in your WordPress dashboard. Go to Appearance > Themes and find your child theme in the list of available themes. Click the “Activate” button to activate your child theme. Your website will now use the child theme, and any changes you made will be visible.


Creating a WordPress child theme is a simple and effective way to modify a parent theme without risking losing any changes when the parent theme is updated. By following these 5 easy steps, you can create a child theme for any WordPress theme and customize your website to your heart’s content.

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